Scope of the Code

What type of protection does the Code provide?

Our Code covers the consumer for aspects relating to the purchase of a new home that are not already covered by the builder or Home Warranty Body. This includes setting standards for customer service and complaints handling, ensuring reservation agreements are protected and that sales literature is clear and informative.

If you have a concern about a defect or structural issue, these should be raised directly with your builder (within the first two years) and/or Home Warranty Body. Where problems cannot be satisfactorily resolved, further support can be accessed through your Home Warranty Body’s dispute resolution scheme and/or through the builder’s complaints process.

To find out more about what to expect from your new home, download our guide.

Does the Code apply to all new Homes?

The Code applies to homes being built under the insurance protection of one of the supporting Home Warranty Bodies:

  • NHBC
  • Premier Guarantee
  • LABC Warranty
  • Checkmate

Between them, the above bodies cover 95% of the new Homes built in the UK. Other Home Warranty Bodies may offer their own Code Schemes.

Does the Code offer any more rights than existing legislation?

The Consumer Rights Act 2015 does not cover purchases of new homes. That’s why the protection provided by the Code is so important – the Code gives buyers of new homes protection if they change their mind or find sales literature misleading or inaccurate.

The Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 offers some protection. However, it requires Trading Standards to take enforcement action or consumers to bring their own legal action, which can be complex and costly.

Where issues are identified under the Code, home buyers can use the Code’s Independent Dispute Resolution Scheme rather than take lengthy and costly legal action through the courts.

Does the Code cover defects and structural problems?

The Code does not directly cover build quality issues as these are already covered by the Home Warranty Providers. However, the Code does require home builders to explain that they are responsible for remedying relevant defects arising under the home warranty two-year defect period and to provide an after sales service and complaints process to put things right. Find out more here:

Why doesn’t the Code prevent builders offering incentives to use their recommended solicitors?

The Code makes clear that consumers should be advised to seek professional advice prior to purchase. In some cases, using a recommended solicitor can be advantageous to both the buyer and the seller if that solicitor knows the site and associated paperwork as it can speed up the process for all parties. However, a solicitor must always act in the best interests of its client (the home buyer in the case of a house purchase).

Even where the wider firm may also work for the builder, there are strict rules that law firms follow to prevent conflicts of interest. You can refer to the Solicitors Regulation Authority’s Principles and Code of Conduct which state that a solicitor must not allow their independence to be compromised.

Home buyers are not obliged to use advisers recommended by the builder or agent.

Does the Code apply to developments in areas such as Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man?

If the Home is covered by one of the participating Home Warranty Bodies, then the Code does apply.

Does the Code cover corporate bodies and partnerships if they only buy one property?

No, the Code is intended to cover private buyers only.

Are Homes which are built under architects’ certificates covered by the Code?

No. The Code only applies to Homes that have been built by a Home Builder registered with one of the Home Warranty Bodies.

Adopting the Code – Making the Code available

The Consumer Code Requirement 1.2 states that the “Consumer Code for Home Builders’ Scheme logo must be prominently displayed in Home Builders’ sales offices, those of appointed selling agents, and in sales brochures”. What is meant by a sales brochure?

A sales brochure is defined as the printed development brochure (including any electronic version) employed by a Home Builder to present their general development details such as the location and range of dwelling types. This would also include the general Development details produced by Estate Agents for a development.

How do you monitor whether agents and developers are making the Code available to potential home buyers?

Code members are required to meet the conditions of the Code, including ensuring home buyers who reserve a Home are provided with a copy of the Code Scheme with the Reservation agreement. If a new home buyer is not given a copy of the Code at reservation, this would be a breach of the Code and the buyer could choose to make a complaint, via their Home Warranty Body.

We encourage compliance through effective training and monitor the impact through regular assessments of home builder. In addition, experienced independent auditors, Quincetree Ltd visits sites across the UK to monitor compliance with the Code and provide recommendations where needed to plug any gaps.

The Independent Dispute Resolution Scheme

What support is available to help Home Buyers make a complaint?

Our aim is to make the complaints process as accessible as possible. To enable your complaint to be dealt with quickly, you should state clearly which Requirements of the Code you feel have been breached, and how.

In addition to providing as much detail as possible, it is very important that home buyers back up any claims with evidence. For example, complaints relating to financial loss should be supported with quotes demonstrating the cost of carrying out or rectifying works. However, you will be given the opportunity to review the draft judgment and provide additional evidence if needed before a final decision is reached.

Why do I have to contact my warranty provider to obtain the application form for the IDRS?

There are a number of reasons for this. Firstly, it is so that we can immediately check whether your home is covered by the Code through one of our supporting home warranty providers. Secondly, the home warranty provider may contact the home builder to try to resolve the issue swiftly on your behalf.  Finally, some of the matters complained about, such as defects, may fall outside of the Code but within your home warranty cover. The home warranty provider can address these for you in the first instance and may be able to offer support through their own free dispute resolution service.

Why doesn’t the Code deal with more cases?

The cases reported in our Annual Report cover those which proceed to the Independent Dispute Resolution Scheme (IDRS). The Code’s supporting Home Warranty Bodies deal many enquiries and complaints which are resolved without needing to raise a formal complaint with the IDRS.

We are continually raising awareness of the Code so that we can encourage more people to access our IDRS and have seen cases increase in recent years. We have also removed a potential barrier by making the IDRS free for consumers since April 2019 as well as investigating options to raise the maximum award limit.

Encouragingly, satisfaction with new homes has increased according to the Home Builders Federation which surveys new home owners. The latest survey response rate was 62% (57,972 responses), in which 90% said they would buy a new build again. The Code’s supporting Home Warranty Bodies have also seen a drop in claims raised.

We recognise that not everyone has a good experience, and where problems relate to a breach of the Code, we encourage people to raise a complaint – for more details on how to do so, visit

Would consumers be better protected by an Ombudsman?

No. An Ombudsman does not regulate and only deals with complaints which is a weakness in Ombudsman schemes. Through the supporting Home Warranty Bodies, we take action against home builders to improve standards. This can and has included excluding them from the home warranty scheme, fundamentally affecting their ability to trade.

The Code resolves disputes through its Independent Dispute Resolution Scheme and the level of financial settlements is based on evidence provided to determine the actual financial loss. This would be judged in the same way through an Ombudsman.

The Rules for the Independent Dispute Resolution Scheme say that the Home Buyer must, on their application, state the alleged breach of the Code. If they fail to do so does that mean the case can be dismissed?

The case cannot be dismissed if the home buyer does not correctly identify the Code Requirements that they allege have been breached. While it is important that the home buyer identifies the Code Requirement(s) that they consider have been breached, the Adjudicator can use their discretion when examining the claim, if they consider the relevant Requirements have not been properly identified by the home buyer.

Section 2.8 of the Independent Dispute Resolution Scheme Rules say that the matters in dispute must not be the subject of any current or previous adjudication involving the same Home Buyer and the same property. Does this prevent Home Buyers from bringing numerous small value claims?

No. There is no limit to the number of individual claims a home buyer can make however, the maximum award for all claims on the same property shall not exceed £15,000 and they cannot bring a repeat claim about a dispute on the same subject matter.

Can the Code influence the adjudication process?

No. The Code’s Dispute Resolution scheme is completely independent of the industry, the Home Warranty Bodies and the Code. It is run by CEDR Ltd which is a leading independent commercial ADR provider approved by the Chartered Trading Standards Institute and all decisions taken are wholly independent of the Code Board. That’s why our enquiry line can only give out information and highlight relevant Code requirements for your case – we cannot give advice on individual cases as adjudication decisions are independent.

Click for more information about the IDRS

Are the findings of the independent adjudicator legally binding?

Under the rules of registration, the Home Warranty Bodies require each registered builder to honour any award made against them under the Independent Dispute Resolution Scheme.  If a home builder fails to honour any award, the Home Warranty Bodies can apply a number of sanctions including financial penalties, re-training or suspension from the new Home Warranty Bodies’ registers.

In 2016, there were three instances of the home builder’s registration being suspended by the Home Warranty Body for failure to comply with the Adjudicator’s award. Our independent Disciplinary and Sanctions Panel, chaired by Citizens’ Advice, reviews all decisions and takes further where a serious breach or repeated complaints have been registered.

If the home buyer accepts the Adjudicator’s award, the courts will usually recognise this as evidence that the home buyer’s claim was valid. A home builder remains liable for an award, even if they are removed from a Home Warranty Body’s register.

Does the Code pay out compensation and/or sanction home builders?

The IDRS Adjudicators award financial settlements based on the evidence submitted, including compensation for inconvenience where applicable.

Action taken by the Code against home builders for non-compliance with an adjudicator’s decision can include financial penalties, as well as suspension and removal from all the home warranty schemes supporting the Code, which effectively prevents the builder from trading. This powerful ‘last resort’ sanction has been successfully applied when required in cases of non-compliance. However, we do try in the first instance to work with home builders to get it right and  sanctions such as removal from the register is seen as a last resort.

Who's supporting The Code